“The Philippines is a flawed democracy.”
That’s a pretty general statement, and depending on who you ask it’s either an unfair assessment of the government or the understatement of the century.
But for the UK-based Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), it’s only a category given to the country in its annual Democracy Index, which measures the level of democracy experienced in 167 countries. “Flawed democracy” is the title they give to countries that have an index between six and eight, with 10 being the highest possible score and signifying a very good quality of democracy.
The Philippines scored 6.71 for 2018, the same score it received in the previous year. In fact, it received the exact same scores in all five categories measured in the index for 2017 and 2018, namely electoral process and pluralism, functioning of government, political participation, political culture, and civil liberties.
However, its global rank declined two spots, which now makes it the 53rd most democratic country in the world. It was also surpassed by Malaysia as the second most democratic nation in Southeast Asia, with Timor-Leste remaining on top.