Women’s health supporters usually are big lovers of the intrauterine device, also known as the IUD. And you will find lots of reasons why.
The tiny, t-shaped contraption is placed into the uterus by a skilled physician to avoid pregnancy by holding sperm from combining an egg. IUDs are incredibly effective (each year, less than 1 out of 100 females conceive with the use of an IUD), and are “some of the most affordable, most lasting types of birth control offered to women today,” as outlined by Planned Parenthood. (IUDs do not, however, prevent sexually transmitted infections.) The insertion method, which is performed by a health-care provider, usually takes a short time.
With that in mind, listed below are 8 things all women need to know about IUDs. Keep in mind, speak to your doctor or medical professional to discuss the contraceptive option best for you.
1. Today’s IUD is modern than IUD before.
Expert says she often recognizes patients whose moms warn them from using IUDs – again, due to the legacy of the substandard Dalkon Shield. “I sit patients down and tell them, ‘Let’s talk about what your mother mentioned, and what’s true,’” she stated. “It’s factual that there was one really bad one on the market [in the 1970s]. But ones today are extremely safe.” And physicians may be encouraging the problem. A 2012 survey found that roughly 30 % of OB-GYNs, family physicians, as well as nurses and medical professionals assistants doing work in family planning, believed IUDs were risky.
2. It can't cure hormonal imbalance
Because they are a long-acting, modern method, a lot of women believe IUDs are another type of hormonal contraception, but that’s definitely not the case. There are 2 brands of hormonal IUDs found in the United States – Mirena and Skyla, that release a little bit of the hormone progestin (a synthetic progesterone) – there is additionally the copper ParaGard IUD, which can be hormone-free. “Anyone that has a genuine or recognized issue with taking [hormonal contraception] need to know the copper IUD doesn't have hormones,” described Dr. Sara Pentlicky, an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. And hormonal IUDs have a very smaller dose of progestin compared to most birth control pills, if a female has issues with the pill, such as weight gain or even mood swings, the IUD can be quite a good option for them to discuss with their physician anyway, Pentlicky introduced.
3. IUDs don’t cause infections
“There’s a misconception that IUDs cause pelvic infections, but that’s not the case,” says Dr. Sheila Dunn, research and program director at the Bay Centre for Birth Control in Toronto.
This birth control strategy had a bad rap in the 1970s due to a product that was available at the time known as the Dalkon Shield. “The string on the Dalkon Shield was a braided, solid string and when you have an infection, even vaginally, the string may bring in it in your uterus and it may possibly turn into a severe uterine-pelvic infection,” claims Malhotra. However, the strings for today’s IUDs are extremely thin and can’t bring infections. “There’s also been lots of research carried out during the last couple of years that has proven that IUDs don't increase your danger for pelvic infections, even though you have an STI,” she includes. However, there's a bit increased chance of infection linked to the insertion of the IUD as well as in the first 20 days following the procedure.
4. IUD But they won’t improve your skin
For most women, one of many big bonuses of using a birth control pill is it can, in some instances, help control pimples. And that’s not a benefit users receive with the IUD. “The copper IUD doesn't have hormones, so it won’t affect acne,” explained Bryant. The only forms of birth control pills which have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating acne are so-called combination pills, including both estrogen as well as progesterone. The Mirena IUD only contains the second option and in such low doses, it’s “not likely to help” with pimples, Bryant revealed.
5. Cramping is common
“It’s extremely common to get cramps after [a doctor] inserts it in – usually, within the first 24 to 48 hours. However, many women may encounter cramping longer, for weeks or even months, as their bodies adjust, the copper IUD can increase women’s chance of having “heavier, crampier” periods. Hormonal IUDs, however, may possibly help with heavy menstrual bleeding as well as cramping.
6. Might stop your monthly period
Studies claim that IUDs not just reduce heavy menstrual bleeding by as much as 90 % after a few months of usage, but usually cause women to stop getting their periods altogether. Studies suggest that “about 20 % of women will stop having their monthly period following the first year, 50 % by the second and around 80 % by the third. For several women, that’s pleasant, but some do want their period monthly.
7. Size matter
Although the risk is pretty small – taking place in about 3 % of cases, it is possible for an IUD to drop out of place. “If an IUD is likely to slip off, it will probably happen in the initial few months of usage. But it can happen later,” Planned Parenthood points out.
8. IUDs are totally reversible
Although they work effectively for a long period – between 2 and 12 years, IUDs are not a lasting type of contraception, neither do they cause inability to conceive. As soon as the IUD is removed – a basic procedure performed by a physician that usually takes just a couple minutes – a woman’s so-called “return to fertility” could be almost immediate. Unlike oral contraceptives, the IUD doesn't stop ovulation.