Philippines Report

World Press Freedom Day marked with fear, hope

World Press Freedom Day marked with fear, hope

Civic and media groups said on Monday that amid the COVID-19 pandemic and the increasingly authoritarian policies that subvert democratic norms in the Philippines, journalists must remain critical and hold power to account.

To commemorate World Press Freedom Day, the Commission on Human Rights, National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUJP), Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility (CMFR) and other civic organizations drew attention to the invaluable role of the media in providing information for the public good, and the double hazards they face under a public health crisis and an increasingly hostile administration.

“Even as we mark World Press Freedom Day with many reasons to be fearful, we mark it also with hope, knowing that there are many of us still working each day to gather facts and shine a little light on what is happening in the country and on what isn’t,” the NUJP said.

“Generations of journalists in the Philippines and in the world have faced threats and risks in relation to their work, and the best response to these is nothing new either: [For] us to work together to ensure that each of us [is] safe to be the independent monitors we are supposed to be,” it added.

Du30: Public good

In his message to mark the occasion, President Duterte affirmed the country’s commitment to protect press freedom as a public good and as “an indispensable requirement [for a] vibrant democracy.”

“Let me assure everyone that this administration will remain committed in promoting press freedom as a vital component and indicator of progress anywhere in the world,” he said.

At the same time, he had an appeal to media: “Cognizant of the ever-changing communication system these days, may the mass media also uphold fairness and transparency while also making a positive impact on the people’s lives.”

Despite his reassuring words, the country, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists, remains one of the deadliest places worldwide for journalists who continue to be threatened, arrested or even killed by state agents or their supporters.

Even campus journalists have not been spared. On the eve of World Press Freedom Day, authorities raided the house in Albay province of Justine Mesias, senior editor of Cassipi, to look for firearms. Cassipi is the official student publication of Bicol University’s College of Social Sciences and Philosophy.

The incident only highlighted the Duterte administration’s efforts to silence dissent among the youth, according to the College Editors Guild of the Philippines.

Side with truth

“We enjoin all campus publications and the members of the press to stand with the victims of these outrageous incidents and side with the truth. At a time when our freedom and liberties are at stake, all the more that the people need critical and fearless journalism,” it said.

For CMFR executive director Melinda de Jesus, the Philippines’ slow decline into authoritarian rule has had the “most dramatic” impact on the press.

Even now, the closure of broadcasting giant ABS-CBN and the cyberlibel conviction of Rappler CEO Maria Ressa continue to have a “chilling effect” on media, whose adversarial role has been noticeably subdued since then, she noted.

In the past four years alone, CMFR has recorded at least 223 attacks and threats to journalists nationwide. Of these, 19 were killed, while others faced various forms of harassment, including intimidation, libel threat, physical assault, arrest or being barred from coverage.

Nearly half of all these attacks can be traced directly to state agents, the local media monitor said. These included national (34) and local government officials (38), police (34) and military (8).

Hostility toward press

These figures, said De Jesus, showed how Mr. Duterte’s hostility toward the press had also been adopted by officials on the ground.

“These numbers reflect a notable increase (in attacks) that imitates the position government has taken,” she said. “We have received more (reports). This may be out of the greater sense of danger for media.”

On the other hand, of the 51 recorded cases of intimidation from 2016 to 2021, around 30 were incidents of Red-tagging, the CMFR added.

Among those falsely accused by the government’s anti-insurgency task force of being communist propagandists were Inquirer reporters Nestor Burgos Jr., Gabriel Pabico Lalu, Kimberlie Quitasol and Tetch Torres-Tupas.

For this reason, several groups, including journalist organizations, have continued to call for the junking of the antiterror law.

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